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When things are getting out of hand: Prevalence, assessment, and treatment of substance use disorder(s) and violent behavior

18-04-2014

This thesis is focused on criminal behavior and (problematic) substance use.

Criminality is a significant problem that harms individual victims, for example by causing injuries, mental health problems, and material damage, as well as society.
Clearly, crime should be limited as much as possible. Since a large proportion of offenders who have been convicted recidivate, it is essential to focus on preventing relapse into criminal behavior. To accomplish this, it is important to identify risk factors associated with recidivism and to develop effective treatments for offenders. A risk factor often associated with criminal behavior is substance use.

Therefore, the present thesis focused on criminal behavior and (problematic) substance use and consisted of two parts.

  • The first part of this thesis zoomed in on the prevalence of substance use disorders among perpetrators of specific offenses, i.e., intimate partner violence (IPV), general violence (GV), and sexual violence (SV).
  • Subsequently, the second part of the current dissertation reported on substance abuse in relation to IPV perpetration. Specifically, the following was studied:
    1. the validity of a screener to detect IPV perpetrators in substance abuse treatment,
    2. the question as to whether combinations of specific substance use disorders were predictors for IPV perpetration and victimization among patients in substance abuse treatment, and 3) the effectiveness of a combined treatment addressing both IPV perpetration and problematic substance use.

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Kraanen, F.L. (2014). When things are getting out of hand: Prevalence, assessment, and treatment of substance use disorder(s) and violent behavior. [Thesis]. Amsterdam: Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen: Psychology Research Institute