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Psychological Aspects of Victimisation and Victim Assistance: Domestic Violence

01-07-2006

Two main issues will be studied within the framework of the program concerning domestic violence.

The first is structured risk analysis. Domestic violence is, by its very nature, a prime example of a crime leading to repeat victimization. The question is how to predict in what circumstances the likelihood of repetition is affected. Researchers in various countries have developed different risk assessment models. Additional research is needed to further determine the validity of these instruments and to extend the scope of these models to include the victimization risk for family members other than spouses (i.e., children).

The second issue is how to respond to instances of domestic violence. Experience shows that a strictly punitive policy does not yield encouraging results. It is believed that a more theoretical re-examination of the assumptions on the origins, the nature, and the dynamics of violence is needed in order to establish an evidence-based policy to deal with this matter. The predictive (and incremental) validity of SARA12 – police version, ODARA, DAS, and other CTS-based risk assessment tools, including the recently suggested SABRA, will be studied, using longitudinal designs."

externe linkBron: Tilburg University > INTERVICT > Research programme > Project B3

Summary

A psychological perspective is used as a basic and common frame of reference for sub- program B studies examining the impact of criminal victimization. It should be noted, however, that psychological impact will not be conceptualized with a narrow focus. The concept will be employed in a broad and comprehensive manner, and will therefore entail the traditional focus of traumatic stress studies in terms of DSM IV defined posttraumatic (and particularly chronic) psychopathology (e.g., PTSD and Panic Disorder), but also the criminological notion of fear of crime, effects relating to professional career development, and multiple unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS). In terms of methods, the preferred design adopted is prospective and longitudinal in nature. Moreover, when possible, controlled field-experimental studies will be conducted. The common focus of studies relating to victim support is not only to develop, advance and validate victimologically informed theory, but explicitly also to develop and cross-validate tools that can be used by (volunteer and professional) support providers. From an applied perspective, the focus will be on risk assessment and risk management tools. The ultimate goal of these studies is to enhance the quality of victim support and mental health intervention, on the basis of a screen-and-treat approach ( triage ; risk guided intervention ). Empirically, the predictive validity of risk assessment tools will be examined. Two dimensions of risk will be examined in particular, namely (1) risk of chronic coping failure and (2) risk of repeat victimization. Tools will relate both to victims of crime in general, and to specific subgroups of victims, e.g., victims involved in domestic violence (including children witnessing interparental violence). The focus of risk management is on restoring these victims objective (e.g., preventing repeat victimization) and subjective safety (e.g., in terms of preventing chronic coping failure). The development and implementation of evidence-based intervention is a key target.

Looptijd

01/2006 - onbekend

Betrokken organisaties

Penvoerder: International Victimology Institute - INTERVICT (UvT)

Betrokken personen

Projectleider: Prof.dr.mr. F.W. Winkel